Chancellor and Grand Hetman of the Crown Jan Zamojski

Chancellor and Grand Hetman of the Crown Jan Zamojski.

Jan Zamojski was born 19 Mark 1542 year in Skokówka. His father Stanisław was the castellan of Chełm, and her mother Anna came from the Herbut family. Zamojski studied at the University of the Sorbonne, Strasbourg and Padua. In the latter, he became the rector of law students. He wrote two books on the Roman Senate. After returning to Poland, he worked in the royal chancellery, where he organized the State Archives.

At that time, he was already the starost of Bełz. It was he who persuaded the nobility to choose Stefan Batory as the Polish king (1575), who became his protector. He owed state honors to Batory: chancellor (1578) and the queen (1581).

Zamojski was an excellent strategist. W 1575 he fought victoriously against the Tatars. Polish troops under his command fought against the Ruthenians, capturing, among others, Połock and Wielkie Luki. In the battle of Byczyna, St. 1588 year he captured the Austrian Archduke Maximilian. In years 1601-1602 he led a victorious expedition against the Swedes.

Jan Zamojski had outstanding wealth amassing abilities. He multiplied it thanks to royal endowments (13 starosty), the income from which he used to buy his own goods. W 1589 a year with the consent of the Seym, he established an ordinance for his property, ensuring their indivisibility and inheritance by the eldest male descendant. In total, he made profits from estates with an area 18 thousand. km2, which corresponds to the area of ​​modern Belgium. Still in 1938 In the year, the Zamość Estate was the largest land estate in Poland (1910 km2).

Jan Zamojski invested very wisely. Within 17 years built Zamość (foundation act z 10 April 1580 year), entrusting this task to the Italian architect and builder Bernardo Morando. The city was built on a raw root (in raw root). In addition to the residential function, it was to perform economic and administrative functions for the ordinance, commercial, scientific, cultural and military. During the life of the founder it was built: The Zamość Academy (1594), collegiate (1600), palace, bastion fortifications, arsenal, town hall and model tenement houses.

Jan Zamojski next to Zygmunt August and Bishop Tomicki, he was the greatest and most versatile patron of the Renaissance. He gathered famous humanists at his court, writers and scholars headed by Szymon Szymonowicz, as a tutor of the only son of Zamojski – Tomasz and a professor at the Academy.

He kept in touch with Jan Kochanowski, who dedicated him the briefing of Greek envoys. He was friends with eminent figures of the then Republic of Poland: scholars, writers, lawyers and diplomats and with Italian artists: D. Tintoretto, S. Gucci, G. Lauro. European humanists from: Helmstedtu, Leipzig, Heidelberg, Lejdy, Riga, Bologna, Werony, Venice etc..

The greatest work confirming Jan Zamojski's great respect for science and culture, was formed in 1594 year of the Zamość Academy, third university in the then Republic of Poland after the Jagiellonian University and Vilnius University. On the occasion of the opening of this civic school, Zamojski issued an Appeal to Poles with known words: "You will be my motherland's beloved support".

Messages describing the appearance have survived to the present day, character traits and lifestyle of Jan Zamojski. Bonifazio Vanozzi, secretary to the papal legate of Cardinal Henry Gaetano, which in 1596 he met Jan Zamojski (then 54 years old) so he wrote; “Its growth is higher than mediocre, a beautiful and lively figure, ruddy face, happy, very serious at the same time […] a prudent husband, prudent and proficient 5-6 in tongues […] he knew how to reconcile people, but he was also impulsive and unpleasant [.] he was ruthless, when it was about increasing goods [.] contemporaries overwhelmed with the breadth of horizons, knowledge, state instinct [.] he was a zealous Catholic (Calvin in his youth) and enjoyed the reputation of a "Great Tolerant" […] he cared for health and abstained from the white sex, against which, as he himself admitted, once in his youth he transgressed […] He dresses in Russian: mantle or ferezia of scarlet, long ankle-length, zupan had crimson damask. This outfit changes, as for the matter according to the season. He wears shoes in Polish, always with a saber at his side, and a Turkish knife in a belt, Chancellor Zamoyski lived very well – almost royally, He maintained a court guard and a band composed of musicians and singers, who always played at mealtimes. He was very welcoming, he liked good cuisine, and in the cellar he had the finest wines ". Professor S. Grzybowski wrote, that “Jan Zamoyski, unlike other hosts at the time, he never forced anyone to drink, and he never drank himself ".

Jan Zamojski died 3 June 1605 year at 4.00 in the afternoon due to apoplexy.