Zamość, which in 1980 celebrated its 400th anniversary, stayed in 1975 raised to the rank of a provincial city. It counts 65 thousand. residents. It is the economic and cultural capital of the region (often referred to as the Zamość region) covering former poviats: Bilgorajski, hrubieszowski, Tomaszowski and Zamość, exactly filling the borders of the newly created Zamość voivodeship.
Zamość is situated to the north-east of Roztocze Środkowe, on the flat terrain of the Padół Zamojski, above the tile, the wide and marshy valley of the Łabuńka River (tributary of the Wieprz River) surrounding the city from the south and west. Takes up an area 29 km2. Within the city limits established in 1918 in addition to the historic downtown, surrounded by a range of fortifications, there were districts: Lublin Suburb, Maidan, Wólka, New Settlement (New town), Castle (Jumper), Janowice Big, Janowice Małe, Karolówka. Zamość is an important road communication junction 8 directions.
Zamość is an ideal fortress city, founded in 1580 by Jan Zamoyski, the Grand Chancellor of the Crown, designed by the Italian architect Bernard Morand, being an outstanding achievement of the late Renaissance European urban thought. The urban layout of the city center with a complex of approx. 120 architectural monuments has been included according to the international classification to the monuments of the "0" group (of the highest artistic and historical value in the world) and declared a Historical Monument. The collegiate church is one of the most valuable architectural monuments, town hall, complex of arcaded tenement houses in the Great Market Square (pl. Mickiewicz), fortification complex. From 1963 takes, planned for a number of years, great restoration of the historic complex, aimed at improving the living conditions of the inhabitants and bringing out blurred artistic values.
Zamość is a city-hero, decorated with the Cross of Grunwald 3rd class in 1947 for his outstanding contribution to the fight for national and social liberation, for the fight against the Nazi occupiers, which from 1941 he created the German Settlement District in the Zamość region under the General Plan for the East. Zamość became a place of extremely severe extermination of the Polish population and other nationalities. 70-80 thousand people were martyred in numerous camps in the city. Poles, Jews (Rotunda, camps in Karolówka, at ul. Okrzei, at ul. County). Rotunda is the Mausoleum of the Zamość Martyrdom.
Zamość is a city of great historical traditions in many areas: in the field of science, education and culture (Academy of Zamość 1594—1784, Liceum im. Zamoyskich 1784—1809, Book Lovers' Circle 1925—39); in the history of the Polish army in the fight to preserve or regain statehood (defense of the fortress 1648, 1656, 1813, 1831, conquering the fortress 1809, resistance movement 1939—44); in the struggle for social liberation (The Council of Workers' Delegates and the Zamość Uprising 1918, peasant demonstrations 1924, 1936).
Zamość is a city, with which was connected with the activity or origin of many outstanding people of national importance, sometimes European: statesmen (chancellor and hetman Jan Zamoyski, chancellor Andrzej Zamoyski), military commanders and specialists (Eng. A. delFAqua, gen. M. Hauke, gen. J. Ch. Mallet-Malletski), fighters for national independence (W. Łukasiński), political activists (M. Rataj). Zamość was the birthplace of Rosa Luxemburg, an outstanding activist of the international revolutionary movement. Excellent scholars were active here (philosopher A. Boer, lawyer T. Drezner, medic J. Bears, S. Staszic), famous writers and poets (S. Klonowicz, Sz. Szymonowicz, K-Koźmian, S. Młodożeniec, B. Leśmian), regionalists (S. and Z. Oranges, WITH. Klukowski), architects (B. Living, J. Jaroszewicz, J. Wolff, M. Link, gen. L. Mallet-Malletski, J. P. Lelewel).
As a cultural and educational center, Zamość extends significantly beyond the territory of its region. The Extramural Study of the University of Lublin operates here. Maria Curie-Skłodowska, are open 4 general secondary schools, 4 teams of vocational schools and agricultural technical school, high school of fine arts and music school. Among the associations and cultural institutions should be mentioned: Zamość Society of Friends of Sciences, organizing scientific sessions and publishing publications, Branch of the Association of Polish Artists and Designers, Zamość Music Society, Circle of the Association of Polish Architects, Branch of the Folk Artists' Association. The Museum of the Zamość Region is proud of the opinion of one of the most beautiful regional museums in Poland. Moreover, there is a rich Municipal and Provincial Library (45 thousand. So talk) and the Provincial Archives.
Zamość in the post-war period became a rapidly developing center of industry, mainly food (cold room, meat plants, egg and poultry, brewery, mills), wood (furniture factories), building materials (clinkers, House Factory) and clothing ("Cora" plants). One of the more important plants was the Fabryka Pasz Gruściczych "Bacutil". He works in industry 50% total number of employees in the city. They are employed in the construction industry 20%, in communication and services 18%.
Zamość is a famous tourist center thanks to its monuments of high-class art and historical souvenirs. The Zoological Garden is an attraction for young tourists. The Folk Art Fairs organized in July or August by the Museum are very popular, combined with performances by regional ensembles. The location of Zamość in the vicinity of the beautiful Roztocze is important. Annually, about. 300 thousand- tourists.
The coat of arms of Zamość is the image of the standing figure of St.. Thomas the Apostle with a spear in his left hand and a shield with the Zamoyski coat of arms - Jelita - at his feet.
He chose Zamość as his twin city and maintains contacts with Monte Cassino.